8 comments December 7th, 2008 Headsman
On this date in 1815, Napoleonic Marshal Michel Ney faced a squad of French troops un-blindfolded and gave them the last order of his wild career:
Soldiers, when I give the command to fire, fire straight at my heart. Wait for the order. It will be my last to you. I protest against my condemnation. I have fought a hundred battles for France, and not one against her… Soldiers Fire!
The carrot-topped commander, just seven months Napoleon’s senior, had like the Corsican distinguished himself at arms during the French Revolution.
He shone thereafter as a ballsy* cavalry officer in the Napoleonic Wars — Bonaparte called him le Brave des Braves (“the bravest of the brave”).
Hitching your star to Napoleon’s was a good career move, for sure.
Until right about …
Michel Ney was named Prince de la Moskowa after the Battle of Borodino 1812. Things kind of went downhill from there.
“[W]e are told of the greatness of soul of the marshals, especially of Ney — a greatness of soul consisting in this: that he … escaped to Orsha abandoning standards, artillery, and nine-tenths of his men.” -Leo Tolstoy, War and Peace
But his real problem was that he couldn’t make up his mind or stir his spirit or just plain read the writing on the wall well enough to get out while the getting was good. Though the Bourbons gave him every opportunity to blow town and spare the new-look ancien regime the embarrassment of having to try him, Ney didn’t do it — causing the king to fume,
By letting himself be caught, he has done us more harm than he did [defecting to Napoleon] on the 13th of March!
The near-unanimous conviction and death sentence were agreed by the Peers around midnight as December 6 became December 7, and the Bravest of the Brave led out near the Luxembourg Garden that very morning to suffer the sentence passed upon him.
French speakers can find other free 19th century texts on Ney linked here.
* His reputation for unshakable courage notwithstanding, John Elting says Ney was also a deft hand at executing a cavalry retreat.
Also on this date
- 1323: Jean Persant, a black cat, and the body of Jean Prévost
- 1982: Dos Erres massacre
- 1989: Carlos DeLuna, "I didn't do it. But I know who did."
- 1869: Nicholas Melady, the last public hanging in Canada
- 2008: One man pardoned during hanging
- 1549: Robert Kett, rebelling against enclosures
- 43 B.C.E.: Cicero
Tags: 1810s, 1815, battle of borodino, battle of waterloo, bourbon restoration, december 7, leo tolstoy, luxembourg garden, michel ney, military history, napoleon, napoleonic wars, paris, the hundred days, waterloo