1806: Fra Diavolo, royalist guerrilla 2010: Farid Baghlani, womanslayer

1969: Liu Shaoqi dies under torture

November 12th, 2013 Headsman

At 6:45 a.m. on this date in 1969, the Chinese Marxist statesman and intellectual Liu Shaoqi passed away secretly in a room of the Kaifeng Municipal Revolutionary Committee building.

He had not been executed in the literal sense. But his death was the mere bodily consequence of an Orwellian civic annihilation: the onetime President of China, fallen to unperson. Like the Man in the Iron Mask, his identity was secret from his own guards (and later from the crematorium workers who disposed of the remains); his own children did not learn of his death until 1972.

A Communist revolutionary from student days in the early 1920s, Liu was among the first to publicly turn against Mao’s Great Leap Forward. In 1959 Liu succeeded Mao as President of the People’s Republic of China, and led the walkback from the Great Leap’s destructive stab at modernization.

A years-long factional struggle within the Chinese Communist Party would ensue, pitting Maoists against a more reform-minded clique.

Liu and the reformers got the worst of it in the 1960s. Mao and Maoists seized power back in the 1966 Cultural Revolution, and purged Liu as a “capitalist roader” — “China’s Khrushchev” ran one denunciation.

The renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shaoqi and other sham Marxists and political swindlers … dished up the theory of taking the electronics industry as the center … They also said, “The development of a modern electronics industry will bring about a leap forward in our industry, and it will be a starting point for a new industrial revolution in the history of China.” This is a reactionary principle for opposing the principle of taking steel as the key link.*

Liu endured months of frightful public harassment leading up to his September 1967 arrest: there were episodes when Mao’s “Red Guards” broke into his official residence and even plastered Liu’s own walls with anti-Liu placards,** as well as “struggling against” campaigns with mobs of anti-Liu demonstrators hurling abuse while Liu was made to stand in a pose of contrition. The formal allegations, for whatever such things are worth, were that Liu worked as a World War II traitor for the Americans, Japanese, and/or nationalists.†

Liu was badly mistreated in custody, possibly as a way to kill him off extrajudicially or just for the sadistic pleasure of bringing one who once stood so high to the depths of literally wallowing in his own shit. By summer 1968 Liu was suffering from pneumonia, cankered with bedsores, and could only be fed through a nasal tube. His neglectful medical care gradually wasted him to death.

Mao himself died in 1976. A reformist and onetime Liu ally, Deng Xiaoping, eventually emerged as China’s post-Mao leader. Soon thereafter the Chinese Communist Party officially rehabilitated Liu and declared several of his writings, so recently forbidden, to be “Marxist works of great significance.” He has remained an official hero, and political martyr, ever since.

* 1971 salvo quoted in Lowell Dittmer, “Death and Transfiguration: Liu Shaoqi’s Rehabilitation and Contemporary Chinese Politics,” The Journal of Asian Studies, May 1981.

** “The Kuomintang vilified me for years but never used such language,” recalled Liu’s wife — who survived a decade in prison herself after her husband’s fall.

† Mao’s widow would later admit that thousands of people were detailed to comb through the records of the Japanese occupation in search of anything prejudicial to Liu.

On this day..

Entry Filed under: 20th Century,Borderline "Executions",China,Heads of State,History,Martyrs,Politicians,Power

Tags: , , , ,

31 thoughts on “1969: Liu Shaoqi dies under torture”

  1. Prestige Park Ridge: A perfect blend of modern amenities and serene natural surroundings.

  2. Provident Ecopolitan apartments in Bangalore are designed to provide a comfortable and eco-friendly living experience.

  3. Prestige Park Grove is a new fangled real estate by Prestige Group.

  4. jack says:

    Wow! The insights shared in this article are thought-provoking and have given me a fresh outlook on the subject. Apartments

  5. Sobha Neopolis in Panathur Road, Bangalore, is an exceptional residential project by Sobha Limited,

  6. jaison says:

    The author’s writing style is engaging and conversational. It feels like having a friendly discussion rather than reading an article.

  7. Jase says:

    I appreciate the thorough research that went into this article. It’s evident that the author is knowledgeable about the topic

  8. jones says:

    Super Article

  9. mike says:

    Thanks For This Blog

  10. shadrock says:

    good article made me think

  11. I appreciate the comprehensive research and references you included in your article. It demonstrates your commitment to providing accurate information and adds credibility to your arguments.

  12. Shriram Poem says:

    This is very clear and easy to read. Keep posting articles like this..”
    Shriram Poem

  13. Tom Cruise says:

    Excellent material! Your prose is very captivating, and I always anticipate reading your articles.

  14. Your passion for this topic really comes through in your writing. Keep up the great work!

  15. The area around Provident Deansgate will be secure. A well-trained security team will be on duty. There will be provisions for CCTV surveillance.

  16. Provident Ecopolitan has excellent connectivity to all major areas, including Kempegowda International Airport and the Central Business District. The area is also a hub for defence establishments, resulting in a safer zone for residential enclaves.

  17. Prestige Park Ridge is a residential project located in the heart of Bangalore, India. The project is being developed by Godrej Properties, one of the leading real estate developers in India. The project offers luxurious apartments in various configurations such as 2, 3, and 4 BHK units.

  18. Prestige Lavender Fields is an Apartment in Bangalore. It is a project that uses the most modern technology to be eco-friendly. It has many several green features. There will be many techniques for saving water in place. The project will have services for the collection of rainwater.

  19. Provident Ecopoliten is a new residential project launched in Aerospace park Bagalur, North Bangalore.

  20. maharanacab says:

    I check your blog every day and try to learn something from your blog. Thank you and waiting for your new post.

    Tempo Traveller Rental Services in Delhi NCR

  21. Prestige Park Grove is set to be one of the most luxurious residential projects in Whitefield. The project will feature a mix of villas and apartments, each designed to offer a unique living experience. The project is expected to have a range of amenities that will cater to the needs of its residents.

  22. novelwebsolution says:

    Thanks for sharing such great information, the post you published have some great information which is quite beneficial for me. I highly appreciated with your work abilities.
    Amazon Account Management Services

  23. prontopanels says:

    This is an impressive post. Keep on blogging. This is an excellent post, thanks.
    PUF Panel Manufacturer

  24. novelwebcreation says:

    Write more high-quality articles. I support you. Thank you for the efforts you made in writing this article. Keep Blogging!!
    best website designing company in Jaipur

  25. Hey, I lately came to this internet site and I’ve visited it daily because that so that you can remain up to date. Maintain up the great function. 
    Luxury Car Rental in Jaipur

  26. Dainik Astrology says:

    Very nice article, exactly what I needed. Very useful post i really appreciate thanks for sharing such a nice post.
    inter caste love marriage solution

  27. Godrej Splendour is a residential project located in the heart of Bangalore, India. The project is being developed by Godrej Properties, one of the leading real estate developers in India. The project offers luxurious apartments in various configurations such as 2, 3, and 4 BHK units.

  28. Prestige Roshanara by Prestige Groups is a futuristic apartment featuring beautiful high-rise homes to match your urban lifestyle perfectly. Located in the stately neighborhoods of Whitefield, this upcoming launch offers 1, 2, and 3 bedroom apartments.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


November 2013
« Oct   Dec »



Execution Playing Cards

Exclusively available on this site: our one-of-a-kind custom playing card deck.

Every card features a historical execution from England, France, Germany, or Russia!