On this date in 1953 — six months after the execution of a more notorious couple, the Rosenbergs — two Missouri kidnappers were gassed together for the abduction-murder of a millionaire car dealer’s son.
Robert Greenlease owed his millions to a string of midwestern GM dealerships planted at the very flowering of America’s interstate system and suburbanization.
Carl Hall and Bonnie Brown Heady reckoned he’d owe some of those millions to them, too.
Then they extorted Sr. to the tune of $600,000, and after several days’ negotiations, Greenlease paid it through an intermediary — a record US ransom sum that would not be surpassed until 1971.
But the motor magnate never saw his son again. Even by the time they’d sent their first ransom note, the kidnappers had shot little Bobby dead at a deserted farm just over the state line in Kansas.
Although this audacious attack on a minor oligarch made national headlines — it couldn’t help but remind of the Lindbergh baby case — the crooks basically had an opportunity to get away scot-free with all their ill-gotten gains. Bobby Greenlease’s body wasn’t discovered until a couple of days after the ransom was paid, and nobody knew who the abductors were at that point.
Hall and Heady absconded to St. Louis but the wealth, like the crime itself, was just too much for these small-time shoulders to bear. Instead of lying low, Hall — after ditching Heady and taking most of the ransom with him, a reckless provocation of his co-conspirator that might itself have blown up his cover in short order — took up residence in an expensive hotel and started throwing money around. A cabbie reported the shabby character’s suspicious spending, and in no time at all the two were in custody.
A further mystery, never solved, entered the case on the night of Hall’s arrest: half the ransom money disappeared. The mob-connected lieutenant who collared Hall and brought him to the station less $300,000 of the score eventually resigned from the force in disgrace and faced federal prosecution for misappropriation and perjury; the cop indicted with him earned a presidential pardon by turning on his comrade. Other ideas were that the criminals had buried half the money (they claimed this, for a while) and that better-connected figures higher up the food chain had taken in. All the bills’ serial numbers had been recorded but only a few were ever known to have surfaced again in later years, in Michigan and Mexico; where these trace remains of a family tragedy might rest today is anybody’s guess.
As for Hall and Heady, they emerged into the glare of national infamy and — because they had crossed the Kansas-Missouri state line — a federal prosecution. Heady remains to this day the last woman executed under U.S. federal auspices.
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch has a detailed photographic retrospective here.
On this day..
- 1591: Marigje Arriens - 2018
- 2009: Gerald Dube, from Cell 10 - 2017
- 1942: Six aspiring escapees from Dulag-205 - 2016
- 1946: One sex killer and four POW camp murderers - 2015
- 1939: Fifty-six Poles shot in retaliation at Bochnia - 2014
- 1894: John Cronin, by an automated gallows - 2013
- 1691: Eleven at Tyburn - 2012
- 1529: Desle la Mansenee in the Luxeuil Trial - 2011
- 1789: The Canadian Burglars - 2010
- 1609: Vicente Turixi, King of the Moriscos - 2009
- 1878: John Kehoe, king and last of the Molly Maguires - 2008
- 1838: Seven perpetrators of the Myall Creek Massacre - 2007