August 28th, 2009 Headsman
On this date in 1944, the Gestapo eliminated more-trouble-than-he-was-worth Russian SS man Bronislav Kaminski.
The St. Petersburg-born Kaminski was Soviet by citizenship, but not Russian by nationality. Half-German and half-Polish, he’d done time twice for his questionable loyalties during the paranoid 1920’s and 30’s.
Turns out the commissars were on to something … or maybe, to paraphrase the old saying, that a Nazi is a Communist who’s been to the gulag.
Either way, when the front swept past Belarus where Kaminski was serving his post-release internal exile, the engineer jumped on an opportunity to join a classmate with the Russian National Liberation Army (RONA, or ROA). Kaminski soon rose to command the anti-partisan “army,” and earned an Iron Cross and the rank of Major General when it was incorporated into the Waffen-SS.
Unfortunately for Kaminski — and more so for anyone who happened to be in his unit’s vicinity — the 29th Waffen Grenadier Division was much better at roughing up partisans and their presumed civilian sympathizers than conducting disciplined military operations.
That, evidently, was enough for Himmler, who had Kaminski eliminated** in punishment for his own looting (the booty was supposed to belong to the Reich), and the alleged rape-murder of German women along with all the expendables in Warsaw.
The exact trigger for this execution (for the juridical machinery always veils acts of discretion and intentionality; certainly, this is evident in a state like Nazi Germany) has never been completely clear; it may have been that between Kaminski and turncoat Red Army general Andrei Vlasov, the shrinking Reich had room enough for only one Russian commander.
Devil knows what he was commanding, anyway.
When, post-Kaminski, Vlasov assigned the remains of the RONA to Ukrainian collaborator Sergei Bunyachenko, the latter fumed, “So that’s what you’re giving me, bandits, robbers and thieves! You’ll let me have what you can no longer use!” … and soon bailed on his “patrons” by switching sides in the war yet again.
* It had some operations with the notorious Dirlewanger Battallion.
** The official announcement was that Kaminski had been killed in a partisan ambush; crazy conspiracy theorists refused to buy it.
Also on this date
- 1948: Ragnar Skancke, the last executed in Norway
- 1765: Three Burglarious Johns
- 1987: Dale Selby Pierre, Hi-Fi Murderer
- 1941: Nguyen Thi Minh Khai, Indochina Communist cadre
- 1793: Adam Philippe, Comte de Custine
- 1807: James McLean, twice
Entry Filed under: 20th Century,Capital Punishment,Death Penalty,Disfavored Minorities,Execution,Germany,History,Occupation and Colonialism,Pelf,Poland,Power,Racial and Ethnic Minorities,Russia,Shot,Soldiers,Summary Executions,The Worm Turns,USSR,War Crimes,Wartime Executions
Tags: 1940s, 1944, andrei vlasov, bronislav kaminski, fascism, heinrich himmler, ochota massacre, roa, rona, russian liberation army, russian national liberation army, sergei bunyachenko, warsaw, world war ii